(Image: Solomon Cordwell Buenz)
The Mixed-Income Housing density bonus program is the closest thing Philadelphia has to a money printer, taking free empty space in the sky and selling it to developers in exchange for cash payments into the city’s Housing Trust Fund or on-site affordable homes.
The fact that this free resource isn't scarce in any way is something the Mayor and City Council should be thinking more about as we head into a new fiscal year that portends more tough choices, more budget cuts, and more pressure to increase tax rates.
An article about a planned high-rise in Rittenhouse in the Inquirer this week underscored just how powerful this program can be. According to Jacob Adelman, the project developer will be paying $2.5 million into the Housing Trust Fund just for this one project.
For context, when Council passed the MIH program in 2018, they projected it would raise $18 million over the next 5 years, or $3.6 million a year. So this single project will raise almost 70% of the yearly projected total for 2020. In June of 2019, PlanPhilly wrote about how the program was on track to raise about $3 million from a total of 12 projects halfway through the year. And City Council’s Poverty Action Plan document, published in March of this year, reported the program had raised $10 million in its first two years of existence. There hasn’t been an official accounting of this to date, but the Department of Licenses and Inspections plans to publish a report on this soon, according to sources.
The Council document calls for “expanding the Mixed Income Housing Program, expected to far exceed budget projections by yielding $10 million over its first two years, to cover new zoning districts, geographic overlays, and federally designated Qualified Opportunity Zones.”
It’s good to see Council picking up on an issue we’ve been raising on our blog, which is that the Mixed-Income Housing program—which only applies to specific zoning districts—is very geographically constricted and leaves out most of the gentrifying areas that are exactly where you’d want to see more below-market rate housing options created—and also where home builders would be the most interested in buying more density. In most Council Districts, only a small fraction of the land area is eligible. In the most egregious example, in Brian O'Neill's 10th District in Northeast Philly, it’s just 3%!
Unlike during the 2008 Great Recession where housing finance seized up, the current moment still features a lot of housing permitting activity and interest, so this is an area of the economy that could be producing more revenue for the city in this moment, and in a scaleable way. Fixing this issue by mapping more of the high-opportunity, high-construction areas of the city to be eligible for MIH is a free policy choice that Council could pass right now.
It would cost taxpayers nothing except for Planning Commission staff time and would lead to both more money for the Housing Trust Fund right away, along with more below-market homes in high-opportunity areas— especially if Council would level-up the incentives for on-site affordable homes in relation to the fee option.